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Therefore, like chlorine, monochloramine must be removed from water used for keeping live fish, amphibians and other aquatic animals. This includes Koi, fish, lobster, shrimp, frogs, turtles, snails, clams and live coral. To protect fish and amphibians, use treatment products to remove monochloramine from tap water. These products are readily available at most pet supply stores and aquarium dealers. Leaving water to sit for several days is not an effective method for removing monochloramine.
Disinfection inactivates disease-causing organisms in water. Disinfection uses either a chemical or physical process that kills microorganisms like bacteria, viruses and protozoa. Chemical disinfectants include chlorine, monochloramine and ozone. Ultraviolet light disinfection is a physical process. There are two types of disinfection: primary disinfection and secondary disinfection.
Inadequate chlorine addition or improper pH levels can contribute to trichloramine formation. Maintaining a pH level of 7.2 to 7.8 in pools is necessary to control trichloramine.
In our region, nearly all of the major water systems use monochloramine including Kansas City, Missouri, Independence, Platte County (Parkville), Saint Joseph and Harrisonville in Missouri as well as WaterOne of Johnson County, the Kansas City Board of Public Utilities, Olathe and Lawrence in Kansas.